Whether you’re looking to display your laptop screen onto a larger panel or buying a new screen for your desktop, the hunt for a monitor, like any other component, is packed with tech jargon that can be tough to decipher. This page is intended to provide purchasers with a fast overview of TN vs IPS, the two most common monitor types in use today.
However, if you want to buy the greatest gaming monitor for your PC, you’ll have to learn a few technical words like IPS, TN, and VA. Let’s take a look at what each of these terms means and which one is better for gaming.
TN vs. IPS
In the past, monitor makers depended on the V-Sync standard to assure that customers and business executives could use their monitors with high-performance PCs without problems. However, as technology advanced, new standards emerged, the most notable of which being G-Sync and Freesync.
IPS is the greatest panel for gaming. That was my point. There’s only one problem with that conclusion: IPS panels may be pricey, especially those designed to match the sheer speed of their TN and VA rivals. That’s why, if you can’t have everything on one display, you need to strike the best balance of strengths and weaknesses—if you can’t have everything on one display, you ought to achieve the correct mix of strengths and weaknesses.
But first, let’s go through the definitions of each phrase. It’s worth noting that all of the monitors mentioned below are LCD panels, which are essentially LED panels.
TN – Twisted Nematic
IPS – In-plane Switching
Each panel type is often seen to be superior in one area while lacking in others.
By those standards, it’s no surprise that TN panels are seen on the majority of low-cost gaming monitors. They can meet the demands of most gamers in terms of refresh rate and reaction time. It’s also why artists and creative workers choose IPS panels: they can give colour fidelity that’s critical to their job.
At least, that’s the overall notion. I wish I could finish it there, but in the actual world, things aren’t often so cut-and-dry. The problematic issue is that certain panels perform better than others, and some panels span party lines in terms of panel technology.
Some TNs don’t seem too awful, notably the 24.5-inch and 4K models we’ve seen recently. IPS panels, however, are ideally suited to give the absolute peak of monitor performance and fidelity, despite their lack of high refresh rates. These panels frequently have refresh rates that pale in contrast to, for example, a 360Hz TN, but if you’re prepared to spend the money, you can get a stunning IPS with a 144Hz refresh rate and a 4ms reaction time. That will satisfy all of your requirements.
So now you should have a better notion of what to look for when buying a monitor.
If you’re still undecided, we’ve considered all of the options and panels to develop our best gaming monitor guide—all you have to think about now is how much you want to spend.
What Is TN Panel?
Twisted Nematic (TN) panels rotate and send light through a ‘nematic’ liquid crystal that corresponds to the signal delivered. The key benefit of TN panels is their speed. TN panels use what is known as an “active 3D shutter,” which allows them to display up to twice as much information as other types of panels. Furthermore, TN panels have a significantly faster reaction time than IPS panels, however faster IPS panels are available.
A TN panel’s reaction time is around 2ms (milliseconds), however it can be as low as 1ms. Another advantage of TN panels is that they are often less expensive than their IPS counterparts. These monitors are quite popular in the gaming community, as well as the general consumer market, because gamers will experience minimal wait time while producing an image due to the rapid reaction time. Additionally, TN panels allow for a greater refresh rate, up to 144Hz — albeit, once again, IPS monitors with equal characteristics are available for a greater price.
The main disadvantage of TN panels is that they do not provide 100% accurate colour reproduction. It doesn’t matter whether you’re just surfing Facebook. If you’re working on a color-sensitive project, such as a movie or a picture edit, TN panels might not be the best choice.
What Is IPS Panel?
As previously stated, the key differences between IPS, In-plane Switching, and TN panels are pricing and colour reproduction. In the professional rendering sector, IPS monitors are recommended because they correctly display colours of pictures. The disadvantage is that they are more expensive, yet it is possible to obtain cheaper IPS monitors ranging in price from $150 to hundreds of dollars.
IPS monitors have a parallel array of pixels rather than a perpendicular array, which allows for improved colour reproduction as well as superior viewing angles, whereas TN panels can discolour when seen from any reasonably extreme angle. In summary, IPS panels were created to overcome the issues of TN panels, and as a result, many people, from the typical consumer to expert editors, prefer them.
However, don’t allow the advantages of IPS panels to sway your perception of TN panels; TN panels are still excellent in some scenarios. If you merely want to sit in one location in front of your computer and don’t care about accurate colour representation, TN is the way to go, especially if you’re looking to save money on your monitor buying.
Factors Affecting The Selection Of Panels
When deciding between a TN panel and an IPS display, there are several aspects to consider. These are the factors:
Price: An IPS display monitor is normally more expensive than a TN monitor due to the capacity of the IPS panel to solve the primary shortcomings of the TN panel. Unlike the IPS, the TN monitor’s manufacturing technology makes it simple to create, making it less costly.
Response Time: A response time is the time it takes for a specific image element (pixel) to switch shade as rapidly as possible (typically measured from gray-white-gray or black-white-black). For example, a TN panel may reply in as little as 1ms (milliseconds), while the quickest IPS panel can take up to 4ms.
A TN panel also benefits from its 3D shutter time, which enables it to display information for up to twice as long as an IPS panel. Because of this, the TN panel is highly regarded and is more prevalent in gaming.
Refresh rate: The update rate is the number of times per second that the display needs to refresh its image. It’s the number of times the display refreshes or updates its buffer in seconds. TN panels feature a higher refresh rate, ranging from 120Hz to 144Hz, whereas IPS panels only offer a refresh rate of 60Hz. However, the refresh rate of the IPS monitor is gradually increasing, but this growth will result in a cost rise when compared to the similar TN display.
Colours: The IPS panel outperforms the TN panel in terms of colour reproduction. The IPS has more accurate coordination in regulating the light that travels through them, which results in higher colour output efficiency. TN panels, unlike IPS panels, do not produce perfect colour reproduction. When great picture quality and colour accuracy are needed, such as in photography and graphic design, the IPS panel should be considered.
Viewing Angle: The maximum viewing angle at which a display may be viewed with acceptable visual performance is known as the viewing angle. IPS displays feature a parallel array of pixels, as opposed to TN panels, which have a perpendicular pixel structure.
The IPS’s enhanced colour reproduction and improved viewing angles are due to the parallel layout of the pixel layout in the display. When seen from any angle, a picture keeps its full-color display output, whereas the TN monitor does not.
Contrast: The contrast ratio is the ratio between the brightest white colour and the deepest shade of black that the monitor can produce. The contrast difference between IPS and TN is quite small. They both have a contrast ratio of roughly 1000 to 1.
Finally, the monitor’s purpose determines the sort of panel that should be chosen. The IPS should be considered in photography, graphics design, video and image editing, and other applications where the displayed colours, as well as the viewing angle and contrast, are critical. The TN panel should be considered if the refresh rate, price, and response time are more important than the other attributes.
An IPS panel, on the other hand, can have a faster responsiveness and refresh rate, but this will raise the cost of manufacture as well as the cost of acquisition. It might also result in a significant rise in energy usage.
To recap, TN panels have a faster reaction time and are less expensive, whilst IPS panels offer greater viewing angles and color reproduction for a little premium. Whatever sort you want, there is a myriad of good monitors available for purchase on the internet, in a wide range of sizes and resolutions.